Do you know what to do if someone has a seizure? In support of Epilepsy Awareness Month, be prepared and learn basic seizure first aid to help someone in need.
About one in 10 people may have a seizure during his or her lifetime, and it can happen to anyone. That’s why knowing seizure first aid is important.
Although seizures are a common symptom of epilepsy (a chronic brain disorder), a person may have a seizure from many other causes. These can include alcohol and drug abuse, brain infection, head trauma, heart disease, high fever, low blood sugar or sodium, lack of sleep, and even artificial sweeteners like aspartame. In some cases, no cause can be found.
During a seizure, a person’s brain has a sudden burst of electrical activity that can sometimes lead to mild or extreme behavior. Common symptoms include confusion, staring spells, sudden fear or panic, convulsions (whole body shaking), and loss of consciousness.
Most seizures last between 30 seconds and a few minutes and stop on their own. However, some can be unpredictable, and that’s where you can help.
Learn these basic seizure first aid steps to help someone having a seizure.
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“Seizures,” Mayo Clinic. Accessed October 29, 2019.
“Seizures,” MedlinePlus. Accessed October 29, 2019.
“First Aid for Seizures – Stay, Safe, Side.” Epilepsy Foundation. Accessed October 29, 2019.
“Seizure First Aid,” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Accessed October 29, 2019.
“Aspartame and seizure susceptibility: results of a clinical study in reportedly sensitive individuals,” National Institutes of Health. Accessed November 4, 2019.